Live demo at <ahref="http://git.amandaghassaei.com/VortexShedding/"target="_blank">git.amandaghassaei.com/VortexShedding/</a>

<imgstyle="width:100%"src="img1.png"/>

This simulation solves the <ahref="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navier%E2%80%93Stokes_equations"target="_blank">Navier-Stokes equations</a> for incompressible fluid flow past an obstacle in a GPU fragment shader.

It exhibits a phenomenon called <ahref="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vortex_shedding"target="_blank">vortex shedding</a>,

where vortices of alternating spin spontaneously emerge behind the obstacle.

To increase performance, I solved for the velocity vector field of the fluid at a lower resolution than I used to compute the distribution of material moving through the fluid (shown in black and white).

I used bilinear interpolation to smooth out most artifacts caused by this speedup - though you can still see some artifacts around the boundary of the obstacle.

I ignored the viscous diffusion term from the Navier-Stokes formula to encourage better vortex formation (the implicit advection solving I'm using creates enough diffusion on its own for this system).

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Click and drag to apply a force to the fluid:

<imgstyle="width:100%"src="img2.png"/>

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To learn more about the math involved, check out the following sources:<br/>

<ahref="http://http.developer.nvidia.com/GPUGems/gpugems_ch38.html"target="_blank">Fast Fluid Dynamics Simulation on the GPU</a> - a very well written tutorial about programming the Navier-Stokes equations on a GPU.

Though not WebGL specific, it was still very useful.<br/>

<ahref="http://jamie-wong.com/2016/08/05/webgl-fluid-simulation/"target="_blank">Fluid Simulation (with WebGL demo)</a> - this article has some nice, interactive graphics that helped me debug my code.<br/>

<ahref="http://www.dgp.toronto.edu/people/stam/reality/Research/pdf/ns.pdf"target="_blank">Stable Fluids</a> - a paper about stable numerical methods for evaluating Navier-Stokes on a discrete grid.<br/>

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Written by <ahref="http://www.amandaghassaei.com/"target="_blank">Amanda Ghassaei</a> as a homework assingment for <ahref="http://fab.cba.mit.edu/classes/MAS.864/"target="_blank">The Nature of Mathematical Modeling</a>, code on <ahref="https://github.com/amandaghassaei/VortexShedding"target="_blank">Github</a>.