AudioOutput.c 7.68 KB
Newer Older
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
/*
             LUFA Library
     Copyright (C) Dean Camera, 2010.
              
  dean [at] fourwalledcubicle [dot] com
      www.fourwalledcubicle.com
*/

/*
  Copyright 2010  Dean Camera (dean [at] fourwalledcubicle [dot] com)

  Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this 
  software and its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted
  without fee, provided that the above copyright notice appear in 
  all copies and that both that the copyright notice and this
  permission notice and warranty disclaimer appear in supporting 
  documentation, and that the name of the author not be used in 
  advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the 
  software without specific, written prior permission.

  The author disclaim all warranties with regard to this
  software, including all implied warranties of merchantability
  and fitness.  In no event shall the author be liable for any
  special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages
  whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether
  in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action,
  arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of
  this software.
*/

/** \file
 *
 *  Main source file for the AudioOutput demo. This file contains the main tasks of the demo and
 *  is responsible for the initial application hardware configuration.
 */
 
#include "AudioOutput.h"

/** Flag to indicate if the streaming audio alternative interface has been selected by the host. */
bool StreamingAudioInterfaceSelected = false;

/** Main program entry point. This routine contains the overall program flow, including initial
 *  setup of all components and the main program loop.
 */
int main(void)
{
	SetupHardware();

	LEDs_SetAllLEDs(LEDMASK_USB_NOTREADY);
	sei();
	
	for (;;)
	{
		USB_Audio_Task();
		USB_USBTask();
	}
}

/** Configures the board hardware and chip peripherals for the demo's functionality. */
void SetupHardware(void)
{
	/* Disable watchdog if enabled by bootloader/fuses */
	MCUSR &= ~(1 << WDRF);
	wdt_disable();

	/* Disable clock division */
	clock_prescale_set(clock_div_1);
	
	/* Hardware Initialization */
	LEDs_Init();
	USB_Init();
}

/** Event handler for the USB_Connect event. This indicates that the device is enumerating via the status LEDs, and
 *  configures the sample update and PWM timers.
 */
void EVENT_USB_Device_Connect(void)
{
	/* Indicate USB enumerating */
	LEDs_SetAllLEDs(LEDMASK_USB_ENUMERATING);
	
	/* Sample reload timer initialization */
	OCR0A   = (F_CPU / 8 / AUDIO_SAMPLE_FREQUENCY) - 1;
	TCCR0A  = (1 << WGM01);  // CTC mode
	TCCR0B  = (1 << CS01);   // Fcpu/8 speed
			
#if defined(AUDIO_OUT_MONO)
	/* Set speaker as output */
	DDRC   |= (1 << 6);
#elif defined(AUDIO_OUT_STEREO)
	/* Set speakers as outputs */
	DDRC   |= ((1 << 6) | (1 << 5));
#elif defined(AUDIO_OUT_PORTC)
	/* Set PORTC as outputs */
	DDRC   |= 0xFF;
#endif

#if (defined(AUDIO_OUT_MONO) || defined(AUDIO_OUT_STEREO))
	/* PWM speaker timer initialization */
	TCCR3A  = ((1 << WGM30) | (1 << COM3A1) | (1 << COM3A0)
	                        | (1 << COM3B1) | (1 << COM3B0)); // Set on match, clear on TOP
	TCCR3B  = ((1 << WGM32) | (1 << CS30));  // Fast 8-Bit PWM, Fcpu speed
#endif	
}

/** Event handler for the USB_Disconnect event. This indicates that the device is no longer connected to a host via
 *  the status LEDs, disables the sample update and PWM output timers and stops the USB and Audio management tasks.
 */
void EVENT_USB_Device_Disconnect(void)
{
	/* Stop the timers */
	TCCR0B = 0;
#if (defined(AUDIO_OUT_MONO) || defined(AUDIO_OUT_STEREO))
	TCCR3B = 0;
#endif		

#if defined(AUDIO_OUT_MONO)
	/* Set speaker as input to reduce current draw */
	DDRC   &= ~(1 << 6);
#elif defined(AUDIO_OUT_STEREO)
	/* Set speakers as inputs to reduce current draw */
	DDRC   &= ~((1 << 6) | (1 << 5));
#elif defined(AUDIO_OUT_PORTC)
	/* Set PORTC low */
	PORTC  = 0x00;
#endif

	/* Indicate streaming audio interface not selected */
	StreamingAudioInterfaceSelected = false;

	/* Indicate USB not ready */
	LEDs_SetAllLEDs(LEDMASK_USB_NOTREADY);
}

/** Event handler for the USB_ConfigurationChanged event. This is fired when the host set the current configuration
 *  of the USB device after enumeration - the device endpoints are configured.
 */
void EVENT_USB_Device_ConfigurationChanged(void)
{
	/* Indicate USB connected and ready */
	LEDs_SetAllLEDs(LEDMASK_USB_READY);

	/* Setup audio stream endpoint */
	if (!(Endpoint_ConfigureEndpoint(AUDIO_STREAM_EPNUM, EP_TYPE_ISOCHRONOUS,
		                             ENDPOINT_DIR_OUT, AUDIO_STREAM_EPSIZE,
	                                 ENDPOINT_BANK_DOUBLE)))
	{
		LEDs_SetAllLEDs(LEDMASK_USB_ERROR);
	}
}

/** Event handler for the USB_UnhandledControlRequest event. This is used to catch standard and class specific
 *  control requests that are not handled internally by the USB library (including the Audio class-specific
 *  requests) so that they can be handled appropriately for the application.
 */
void EVENT_USB_Device_UnhandledControlRequest(void)
{
	/* Process General and Audio specific control requests */
	switch (USB_ControlRequest.bRequest)
	{
		case REQ_SetInterface:
			/* Set Interface is not handled by the library, as its function is application-specific */
			if (USB_ControlRequest.bmRequestType == (REQDIR_HOSTTODEVICE | REQTYPE_STANDARD | REQREC_INTERFACE))
			{
				Endpoint_ClearSETUP();
				
				/* Check if the host is enabling the audio interface (setting AlternateSetting to 1) */
				StreamingAudioInterfaceSelected = ((USB_ControlRequest.wValue) != 0);
				
				Endpoint_ClearStatusStage();
			}

			break;
	}
}

/** Task to manage the Audio interface, reading in audio samples from the host, and outputting them to the speakers/LEDs as
 *  desired.
 */
void USB_Audio_Task(void)
{
	/* Device must be connected and configured for the task to run */
	if (USB_DeviceState != DEVICE_STATE_Configured)
	  return;

	/* Check to see if the streaming interface is selected, if not the host is not receiving audio */
	if (!(StreamingAudioInterfaceSelected))
	  return;	

	/* Select the audio stream endpoint */
	Endpoint_SelectEndpoint(AUDIO_STREAM_EPNUM);
	
	/* Check if the current endpoint can be read from (contains a packet) and that the next sample should be read */
	if (Endpoint_IsOUTReceived() && (TIFR0 & (1 << OCF0A)))
	{
		/* Clear the sample reload timer */
		TIFR0 |= (1 << OCF0A);

		/* Retrieve the signed 16-bit left and right audio samples, convert to 8-bit */
		int8_t  LeftSample_8Bit   = ((int16_t)Endpoint_Read_Word_LE() >> 8);
		int8_t  RightSample_8Bit  = ((int16_t)Endpoint_Read_Word_LE() >> 8);

		/* Mix the two channels together to produce a mono, 8-bit sample */
		int8_t  MixedSample_8Bit  = (((int16_t)LeftSample_8Bit + (int16_t)RightSample_8Bit) >> 1);

		/* Check to see if the bank is now empty */
		if (!(Endpoint_IsReadWriteAllowed()))
		{
			/* Acknowledge the packet, clear the bank ready for the next packet */
			Endpoint_ClearOUT();
		}

#if defined(AUDIO_OUT_MONO)
		/* Load the sample into the PWM timer channel */
		OCR3A = (MixedSample_8Bit ^ (1 << 7));
#elif defined(AUDIO_OUT_STEREO)
		/* Load the dual 8-bit samples into the PWM timer channels */
		OCR3A = (LeftSample_8Bit  ^ (1 << 7));
		OCR3B = (RightSample_8Bit ^ (1 << 7));
#elif defined(AUDIO_OUT_PORTC)
		/* Load the 8-bit mixed sample into PORTC */
		PORTC = MixedSample_8Bit;
#endif

		uint8_t LEDMask = LEDS_NO_LEDS;

		/* Turn on LEDs as the sample amplitude increases */
		if (MixedSample_8Bit > 16)
		  LEDMask = (LEDS_LED1 | LEDS_LED2 | LEDS_LED3 | LEDS_LED4);
		else if (MixedSample_8Bit > 8)
		  LEDMask = (LEDS_LED1 | LEDS_LED2 | LEDS_LED3);
		else if (MixedSample_8Bit > 4)
		  LEDMask = (LEDS_LED1 | LEDS_LED2);
		else if (MixedSample_8Bit > 2)
		  LEDMask = (LEDS_LED1);

		LEDs_SetAllLEDs(LEDMask);
	}
}