MIDI.c 7.68 KB
Newer Older
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
/*
             LUFA Library
     Copyright (C) Dean Camera, 2009.
              
  dean [at] fourwalledcubicle [dot] com
      www.fourwalledcubicle.com
*/

/*
  Copyright 2009  Dean Camera (dean [at] fourwalledcubicle [dot] com)

  Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software
  and its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby
  granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all
  copies and that both that the copyright notice and this
  permission notice and warranty disclaimer appear in supporting
  documentation, and that the name of the author not be used in
  advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the
  software without specific, written prior permission.

  The author disclaim all warranties with regard to this
  software, including all implied warranties of merchantability
  and fitness.  In no event shall the author be liable for any
  special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages
  whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether
  in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action,
  arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of
  this software.
*/

/** \file
 *
 *  Main source file for the MIDI input demo. This file contains the main tasks of the demo and
 *  is responsible for the initial application hardware configuration.
 */

#include "MIDI.h"

/* Project Tags, for reading out using the ButtLoad project */
BUTTLOADTAG(ProjName,    "LUFA MIDI App");
BUTTLOADTAG(BuildTime,   __TIME__);
BUTTLOADTAG(BuildDate,   __DATE__);
BUTTLOADTAG(LUFAVersion, "LUFA V" LUFA_VERSION_STRING);

/* Scheduler Task List */
TASK_LIST
{
	{ Task: USB_USBTask          , TaskStatus: TASK_STOP },
	{ Task: USB_MIDI_Task        , TaskStatus: TASK_STOP },
};

/** Main program entry point. This routine configures the hardware required by the application, then
 *  starts the scheduler to run the application tasks.
 */
int main(void)
{
	/* Disable watchdog if enabled by bootloader/fuses */
	MCUSR &= ~(1 << WDRF);
	wdt_disable();

	/* Disable Clock Division */
	SetSystemClockPrescaler(0);
	
	/* Hardware Initialization */
	Joystick_Init();
	LEDs_Init();
	HWB_Init();

	/* Indicate USB not ready */
	UpdateStatus(Status_USBNotReady);
	
	/* Initialize Scheduler so that it can be used */
	Scheduler_Init();

	/* Initialize USB Subsystem */
	USB_Init();

	/* Scheduling - routine never returns, so put this last in the main function */
	Scheduler_Start();
}

/** Event handler for the USB_Connect event. This indicates that the device is enumerating via the status LEDs. */
EVENT_HANDLER(USB_Connect)
{
	/* Start USB management task */
	Scheduler_SetTaskMode(USB_USBTask, TASK_RUN);

	/* Indicate USB enumerating */
	UpdateStatus(Status_USBEnumerating);
}

/** Event handler for the USB_Disconnect event. This indicates that the device is no longer connected to a host via
 *  the status LEDs, disables the sample update and PWM output timers and stops the USB and MIDI management tasks.
 */
EVENT_HANDLER(USB_Disconnect)
{
	/* Stop running audio and USB management tasks */
	Scheduler_SetTaskMode(USB_MIDI_Task, TASK_STOP);
	Scheduler_SetTaskMode(USB_USBTask, TASK_STOP);

	/* Indicate USB not ready */
	UpdateStatus(Status_USBNotReady);
}

/** Event handler for the USB_ConfigurationChanged event. This is fired when the host set the current configuration
 *  of the USB device after enumeration - the device endpoints are configured and the MIDI management task started.
 */
EVENT_HANDLER(USB_ConfigurationChanged)
{
	/* Setup MIDI stream endpoints */
	Endpoint_ConfigureEndpoint(MIDI_STREAM_OUT_EPNUM, EP_TYPE_BULK,
		                       ENDPOINT_DIR_OUT, MIDI_STREAM_EPSIZE,
	                           ENDPOINT_BANK_SINGLE);

	Endpoint_ConfigureEndpoint(MIDI_STREAM_IN_EPNUM, EP_TYPE_BULK,
		                       ENDPOINT_DIR_IN, MIDI_STREAM_EPSIZE,
	                           ENDPOINT_BANK_SINGLE);

	/* Indicate USB connected and ready */
	UpdateStatus(Status_USBReady);

	/* Start MIDI task */
	Scheduler_SetTaskMode(USB_MIDI_Task, TASK_RUN);
}

/** Task to handle the generation of MIDI note change events in response to presses of the board joystick, and send them
 *  to the host.
 */
TASK(USB_MIDI_Task)
{
	static uint8_t PrevJoystickStatus;

	/* Select the MIDI IN stream */
	Endpoint_SelectEndpoint(MIDI_STREAM_IN_EPNUM);

	/* Check if endpoint is ready to be written to */
	if (Endpoint_ReadWriteAllowed())
	{
		/* Get current joystick mask, XOR with previous to detect joystick changes */
		uint8_t JoystickStatus  = Joystick_GetStatus();
		uint8_t JoystickChanges = (JoystickStatus ^ PrevJoystickStatus);
		
		/* Get HWB status - if set use channel 10 (percussion), otherwise use channel 1 */
		uint8_t Channel = ((HWB_GetStatus()) ? MIDI_CHANNEL(10) : MIDI_CHANNEL(1));

		if (JoystickChanges & JOY_LEFT)
		  SendMIDINoteChange(0x3C, (JoystickStatus & JOY_LEFT), 0, Channel);

		if (JoystickChanges & JOY_UP)
		  SendMIDINoteChange(0x3D, (JoystickStatus & JOY_UP), 0, Channel);

		if (JoystickChanges & JOY_RIGHT)
		  SendMIDINoteChange(0x3E, (JoystickStatus & JOY_RIGHT), 0, Channel);

		if (JoystickChanges & JOY_DOWN)
		  SendMIDINoteChange(0x3F, (JoystickStatus & JOY_DOWN), 0, Channel);

		if (JoystickChanges & JOY_PRESS)
		  SendMIDINoteChange(0x3B, (JoystickStatus & JOY_PRESS), 0, Channel);

		/* Save previous joystick value for next joystick change detection */
		PrevJoystickStatus = JoystickStatus;
	}

	/* Select the MIDI OUT stream */
	Endpoint_SelectEndpoint(MIDI_STREAM_OUT_EPNUM);

	/* Check if endpoint is ready to be read from, if so discard its (unused) data */
	if (Endpoint_ReadWriteAllowed())
	  Endpoint_ClearCurrentBank();
}

/** Function to manage status updates to the user. This is done via LEDs on the given board, if available, but may be changed to
 *  log to a serial port, or anything else that is suitable for status updates.
 *
 *  \param CurrentStatus  Current status of the system, from the MIDI_StatusCodes_t enum
 */
void UpdateStatus(uint8_t CurrentStatus)
{
	uint8_t LEDMask = LEDS_NO_LEDS;
	
	/* Set the LED mask to the appropriate LED mask based on the given status code */
	switch (CurrentStatus)
	{
		case Status_USBNotReady:
			LEDMask = (LEDS_LED1);
			break;
		case Status_USBEnumerating:
			LEDMask = (LEDS_LED1 | LEDS_LED2);
			break;
		case Status_USBReady:
			LEDMask = (LEDS_LED2 | LEDS_LED4);
			break;
	}
	
	/* Set the board LEDs to the new LED mask */
	LEDs_SetAllLEDs(LEDMask);
}

/** Sends a MIDI note change event (note on or off) to the MIDI output jack, on the given virtual cable ID and channel.
 *
 *  \param Pitch    Pitch of the note to turn on or off
 *  \param OnOff    Set to true if the note is on (being held down), or false otherwise
 *  \param CableID  ID of the virtual cable to send the note change to
 *  \param Channel  MIDI channel number to send the note change event to
 */
void SendMIDINoteChange(const uint8_t Pitch, const bool OnOff, const uint8_t CableID, const uint8_t Channel)
{
	/* Wait until endpoint ready for more data */
	while (!(Endpoint_ReadWriteAllowed()));

	/* Check if the message should be a Note On or Note Off command */
	uint8_t Command = ((OnOff)? MIDI_COMMAND_NOTE_ON : MIDI_COMMAND_NOTE_OFF);

	/* Write the Packet Header to the endpoint */
	Endpoint_Write_Byte((CableID << 4) | (Command >> 4));

	/* Write the Note On/Off command with the specified channel, pitch and velocity */
	Endpoint_Write_Byte(Command | Channel);
	Endpoint_Write_Byte(Pitch);
	Endpoint_Write_Byte(MIDI_STANDARD_VELOCITY);
	
	/* Send the data in the endpoint to the host */
	Endpoint_ClearCurrentBank();
}