Commit 3f6b701f authored by Jake Read's avatar Jake Read

add M0

parent 19a2e9f4
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<h1>M0 - ATSAMD21</h1>
<figure>
<img src='m0-feather.jpg'>
<figcaption>Ring oscillator with M0.</figcaption>
</figure>
<p>This ring oscillator runs on the 'M0' ATSAMD21, which is a fairly popular microcontroller with an Arm Cortex M0 at it's heart. It has native USB functionality, and is supported with an Adafruit bootloader, making writing and running code fairly straightforward. I used Adafruit's Feather dev board for this test.</p>
<p>I dug through the arduino cores and printed out their lookup tables so that I could write the registers down... This was a great (albeit tangential) exercise.</p>
<pre>
<code>
/*
I found most of these definitions in the arduino cores in
AppData/Local/Arduino15/packages/adafruit/hardware/samd/1.0.19/cores/arduino/wiring_digital.c & wiring_digital.h
*/
#define PIN_LED_PORT 0
#define PIN_LED_PIN 17
#define PIN_10_PORT 0
#define PIN_10_PIN 18
#define PIN_11_PORT 0
#define PIN_11_PIN 16
#define LED_OUTSET PORT->Group[PIN_LED_PORT].OUTSET.reg
#define LED_OUTCLR PORT->Group[PIN_LED_PORT].OUTCLR.reg
#define RING_PORT_OUTSET PORT->Group[PIN_10_PORT].OUTSET.reg
#define RING_PORT_OUTCLR PORT->Group[PIN_10_PORT].OUTCLR.reg
#define RING_PORT_OUT_MASK (1UL << PIN_10_PIN)
#define RING_PORT_IN PORT->Group[PIN_11_PORT].IN.reg
#define RING_PORT_IN_MASK (1UL << PIN_11_PIN)
void setup() {
// set a pin to in
PORT->Group[PIN_LED_PORT].PINCFG[PIN_LED_PIN].reg = (uint8_t)(PORT_PINCFG_INEN);
// setting same pin to out (arduino configures an output as both, so it can read its own state. handy
PORT->Group[PIN_LED_PORT].DIRSET.reg = (uint32_t)(1 << PIN_LED_PIN);
// set 10 to output
PORT->Group[PIN_10_PORT].DIRSET.reg = (uint32_t)(1 << PIN_10_PIN);
// set 11 to input
PORT->Group[PIN_11_PORT].PINCFG[PIN_11_PIN].reg = (uint8_t)(PORT_PINCFG_INEN);
// do loop
while (1) { // no loop just c
RING_PORT_IN & RING_PORT_IN_MASK ? RING_PORT_OUTCLR = RING_PORT_OUT_MASK : RING_PORT_OUTSET = RING_PORT_OUT_MASK;
}
}
void loop() {
}
</code>
</pre>
<p>This enabled me to write the code that I ran during the test, where the M0 clocked at 1.45MHz. Scope traces and code below.</p>
<figure>
<img src="m0-scope.jpg" height=25%>
<figcaption>Adafruit Feather dev board used in this test.</figcaption>
</figure>
<pre>
<code>
/*
I found most of these definitions in the arduino cores in
AppData/Local/Arduino15/packages/adafruit/hardware/samd/1.0.19/cores/arduino/wiring_digital.c & wiring_digital.h
also samd/1.0.19/variants/variant.h and variant.cpp and pins_arduino.h
*/
#define PIN_10_PORT 0
#define PIN_10_PIN 18
#define PIN_11_PORT 0
#define PIN_11_PIN 16
#define RING_PORT_OUTSET PORT->Group[PIN_10_PORT].OUTSET.reg
#define RING_PORT_OUTCLR PORT->Group[PIN_10_PORT].OUTCLR.reg
#define RING_PORT_OUT_MASK (1UL << PIN_10_PIN)
#define RING_PORT_IN PORT->Group[PIN_11_PORT].IN.reg
#define RING_PORT_IN_MASK (1UL << PIN_11_PIN)
void setup() {
// set 10 to output
PORT->Group[PIN_10_PORT].DIRSET.reg = (uint32_t)(1 << PIN_10_PIN);
// set 11 to input
PORT->Group[PIN_11_PORT].PINCFG[PIN_11_PIN].reg = (uint8_t)(PORT_PINCFG_INEN);
// do loop
while (1) { // no loop just c
RING_PORT_IN & RING_PORT_IN_MASK ? RING_PORT_OUTCLR = RING_PORT_OUT_MASK : RING_PORT_OUTSET = RING_PORT_OUT_MASK;
}
}
void loop() {
}
</code>
</pre>
<p>With the Arduino digitalWrite and digitalRead calls, the ring is ~162khz</p>
<figure>
<img src='m0-scope-arduino.jpg'>
<figcaption>Ring oscillator with M0 using Arduino library calls.</figcaption>
</figure>
<p>The code for this is below. About 1us of this latency is 'loop' call overhead.</p>
<pre>
<code>
void setup() {
// put your setup code here, to run once:
pinMode(10, OUTPUT);
pinMode(11, INPUT);
}
void loop() {
// put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
digitalWrite(10, 1-digitalRead(11));
}
</code>
</pre>
<p><a href='../../index.html'>Back</a></p>
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\ No newline at end of file
void setup() {
// put your setup code here, to run once:
pinMode(10, OUTPUT);
pinMode(11, INPUT);
}
void loop() {
while (1) {
digitalWrite(10, 1 - digitalRead(11));
}
}
/*
I found most of these definitions in the arduino cores in
AppData/Local/Arduino15/packages/adafruit/hardware/samd/1.0.19/cores/arduino/wiring_digital.c & wiring_digital.h
*/
#define PIN_LED_PORT 0
#define PIN_LED_PIN 17
#define PIN_10_PORT 0
#define PIN_10_PIN 18
#define PIN_11_PORT 0
#define PIN_11_PIN 16
uint32_t ulPin = 11;
void setup() {
// set a pin to in / out ... starting
PORT->Group[g_APinDescription[ulPin].ulPort].PINCFG[g_APinDescription[ulPin].ulPin].reg = (uint8_t)(PORT_PINCFG_INEN) ;
PORT->Group[g_APinDescription[ulPin].ulPort].DIRSET.reg = (uint32_t)(1 << g_APinDescription[ulPin].ulPin) ;
//pinMode(10, OUTPUT);
//pinMode(11, INPUT);
}
void loop() {
EPortType port = g_APinDescription[ulPin].ulPort;
uint32_t pin = g_APinDescription[ulPin].ulPin;
uint32_t pinMask = (1ul << pin);
Serial.print("11, port: ");
Serial.print(port);
Serial.print(" pin: ");
Serial.print(pin);
Serial.println("");
PORT->Group[port].OUTSET.reg = pinMask;
delay(100);
PORT->Group[port].OUTCLR.reg = pinMask;
delay(100);
}
/*
I found most of these definitions in the arduino cores in
AppData/Local/Arduino15/packages/adafruit/hardware/samd/1.0.19/cores/arduino/wiring_digital.c & wiring_digital.h
also samd/1.0.19/variants/variant.h and variant.cpp and pins_arduino.h
*/
#define PIN_10_PORT 0
#define PIN_10_PIN 18
#define PIN_11_PORT 0
#define PIN_11_PIN 16
#define RING_PORT_OUTSET PORT->Group[PIN_10_PORT].OUTSET.reg
#define RING_PORT_OUTCLR PORT->Group[PIN_10_PORT].OUTCLR.reg
#define RING_PORT_OUT_MASK (1UL << PIN_10_PIN)
#define RING_PORT_IN PORT->Group[PIN_11_PORT].IN.reg
#define RING_PORT_IN_MASK (1UL << PIN_11_PIN)
void setup() {
// set 10 to output
PORT->Group[PIN_10_PORT].DIRSET.reg = (uint32_t)(1 << PIN_10_PIN);
// set 11 to input
PORT->Group[PIN_11_PORT].PINCFG[PIN_11_PIN].reg = (uint8_t)(PORT_PINCFG_INEN);
// do loop
while (1) { // no loop just c
RING_PORT_IN & RING_PORT_IN_MASK ? RING_PORT_OUTCLR = RING_PORT_OUT_MASK : RING_PORT_OUTSET = RING_PORT_OUT_MASK;
}
}
void loop() {
}
......@@ -63,6 +63,26 @@
}
],
"gpio":[
{
"name":"M0, arduino",
"serial_number":"",
"subdirectory_path":"gpio/m0",
"dev_board_price":19.00,
"dev_board_sales link":"",
"ic_price":2.1,
"ic_sales_link":"",
"ring_period":6.14
},
{
"name":"M0, port",
"serial_number":"",
"subdirectory_path":"gpio/m0",
"dev_board_price":5.00,
"dev_board_sales link":"",
"ic_price":2.1,
"ic_sales_link":"",
"ring_period":0.687
},
{
"name":"nucleo, mbed",
"serial_number":"",
......
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